Sunday, January 27, 2013

Car Modification : : ICE (Maruti 800 Modified) Car to Electric Car - MegaPower EV


Making of MegaPower EV


ICE = Internal Combustion Engine
 to
BEC = Battery Electric Car

What do we have :

A Maruti 800 stripped down shell.



What we need to do:

Remove all parts which we will NOT need in an Electric Car:

Petrol Engine,
Petrol Tank,
Exhaust Pipe Line,
Petrol Pipe Lines,

Retain all parts which we WILL need in an Electric Car:

Transmission Box/Gear Box,
Flywheel,
Clutch Assembly,
Axles,
Suspension,
Steering,
Complete Interior

What do we need to source to finish the Electric Car:

DC Motor,
Motor Controller,
Batteries,
Battery Charger,
Foot Pedal Accelerator for Motor Controller,
Fuses,
Contact Breakers,
Wires

While I put my boys to work on the car shell to make it as light as possible and strong enough to take the weight of the Batteries, I start looking for the items needed as mentioned above.

First Item on the list is a DC Motor. What am I looking for in a DC Motor:

The Specifications of Maruti 800 Car are as follows:

Specifications
Dimensions
Overall length3335 mm
Overall width1440 mm
Overall height1405 mm
Wheelbase2175 mm
Minimum turning radius4.4 m
Ground clearance170 mm
Seating Capacity4 persons
Weight
Unladen weight655 kg (AC EURO I) 640 Kg (AC EURO I) 665 kg (AC EURO II) 650 Kg (AC EURO II)
Laden weight1000 kg
Engine
Type4 stroke cycle, water cooled SOHC (1C2V)
No. of cylinders3
Piston displacement796 cc
Maximum output (Std.,AC)37 bhp at 5000 rpm
Maximum torque (Std.,AC)59 Nm at 2500 rpm
Power Transmission
Std., AC4-forward, all synchromesh, 1 reverse
Equipments
Steering
Steering typeRack & Pinion
Suspension
FrontMcPherson strut & coil spring
RearCoil spring with gas filled shock absorbers
Brakes
FrontDisc
RearDrum
Tyres
Tyre sizeRadial 145/70 R-12
Capacity
Fuel tank capacity30 litres (EURO I), 28 litres (EURO II)


Since we are looking to replace a 40 HP ICE with a DC Motor, Let us see what should be the specifications of the DC Traction Motor:

I googled my search for my need and this is what I get:


"First of all, it depends on how many volts you run the system at. Any given motor can deliver more or less horsepower with more or less voltage. A medium size, typical DC motor adequate to move a Mustang or Porsche along at a zippy clip pulls 120-144 volts from the batteries, and gives something like 30-40hp continuous, 70-80hp peak. The larger sized DC motor, similar voltage system, gives more like 40-50hp continuous, 100hp peak.

That's probably lot fewer than you were thinking, given your experience, huh?
This is why: Internal Combustion Engines, or ICE-machines - hehe - use most of their horsepower to get from 0-45 mph. Once you get up to speed, most of the horses in your ICE machine are standing around in the pasture, doing nothing but eating up all the grass.

Oops, took that metaphor too far, didn't I?

On the other hand, an electric motor (especially the DC motor) is very clever at getting from 0-45 mph effortlessly. Think of an electric drill, and all the torque it delivers when you first pull the trigger! Yes, it does that with the car, too. That's why we fall in love with the feel of electric drive, and get that "EV grin".
Then once you get up to speed, those horses go on vacation as well, just like in the ICE-machine; but with an electric motor, they don't eat. They just stand there waiting for orders."

Now having understood the basic concept, I have to decide on the following issues:

1. The Car Needs to be 144 Volt System (either 12 volt x 12 Batteries of 100 Ah Capacity or 6 volt x 24 Batteries of 100 Ah capacity).

2. Need DC Motor 72 to 144 VDC Traction Motor

3. Controller for the above

4. Battery Charger for the Battery Bank above.

5. Related electrical components and wires.

I will continue to update this blog with dates of updates. I need to research, google, contact, resource parts for the above mentioned build and need time. Will be back soon and will inform thru Twitter & Facebook as an when new updates are posted by me. I will keep posting images of the BEC (Battery Electric Car) Build as we progress.

Request : If any reader of this blog has any input to provide please do post your comments here below. Your guidance will be acknowledged.


Update 1 (on 17th Feb 2013)

The guidance by one of THE friendly reader of this blog lead me to this web page "White Lightningwhich has helped me understand this conversion project very well.

By Next Week I would be able to post some pics of the actual work being done at my workshop for this conversion.

12 comments:

  1. See Details of Govt Policy on Electric Cars http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.500384383347646.140896.242171799168907&type=1&comment_id=74881312&notif_t=photo_album_reply

    ReplyDelete
  2. My suggestion is to go for an AC drive which produces more torque than DC. You can import, the batteries and controller from china or Europe.

    Another point I would want to suggest is removal of the clutch assembly. The motor is directly coupled to the wheels. You will have to decide on coupling them to the front or the rear wheels.

    important point to be noted is the placement of the batteries and the type. You will not be able to load all the batteries in the boot or under the bonnet. This will effect the center of gravity. If you decide on lead acid batteries, the cost will come down, but the range and the weight is better in L-Ion batteries.

    Email me if you need my help on surajss@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for the suggestion. AC Motor would need DC to AC converter I guess. Will surely follow the suggestion and will contact you for more guidance.

      Delete
  3. search in "team mightyboy"-----"workshop"---------"project"-----------"white lightning"
    their is complite solution.suzuki mightyboy is a car name in austailia as M800 in india.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Innovative job done by you congrat...when the car will complete plz inform on my mail ds_faisal@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
  5. hi there first of all my best wishes for all your electric car project i really appreciate and would love to help...
    using an ac motor would be suggestive as its power difference when compared to dc .. you can use dc to ac inverter ..well if u still wanna continue with dc motor you can adapt it from fork lift mechanism .... also the benefit of using fork lift motor is that it requires 48 volts .... also i can give guidance for long and uninterrupted range ...

    regards... dharam sharma.. cont 9930413357

    ReplyDelete
  6. hi there 1st of all my regards....and best wishes for all your effort and hard work for your electric car project.. and i would love to help...
    definitely using an ac motor would help lot all u u need is a powerful inverter for dc to ac conversion...
    if u still wanna continue with dc motor u can adopt it from forklift machine which requires not more than 48 volt to run ... also i can help in long range uninterrupted drive ...
    regards dharam sharma... 9930413357

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hello Sir... I want to meet you personaly.. MAhesh K.Antil, Gurgaon 09871777066

    ReplyDelete
  8. I seldom write remarks, however i did some searching and wound up here "Car Modification : : ICE (Maruti 800 Modified) Car to Electric Car - MegaPower EV".
    And I actually do have some questions for you if it's allright.
    Could it be only me or does it look like a few of these remarks
    come across like they are coming from brain dead people?
    :-P And, if you are posting on additional social sites, I'd like to keep up with everything fresh
    you have to post. Would you make a list of the complete urls of your communal sites
    like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile?


    Look into my web blog cutting stiker ertiga

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hi R U got govt permision on your electrical car
    pl tell how its possibale or its advasiable or not i want also do samething i have one oldpetrol car pl help let me share with what is advisabale

    ReplyDelete